The endocrine system is a network of glands of internal secretion, synthesizing hormones that help to control many important bodily functions. This system of regulation affects the way the heart beats, on the growth of bones and tissues, and even the ability to conceive a child. It depends on it, whether such will develop hormone-dependent diseases such as diabetes, thyroid disorders, growth disorders, sexual dysfunction and many others.

Endocrine glands

disorders of the endocrine system Each gland of the endocrine system releases certain hormones directly into the bloodstream. Through the bloodstream, they invade other cells and help coordinate the flow of many processes in the body.

Endocrine glands:

  1. Adrenal - two glands located in the top of the kidneys and synthesizing hormone cortisol.
  2. The hypothalamus is a small area in the diencephalon, coordinating production of pituitary hormones.
  3. Ovaries - female reproductive organs that produce sex cells and hormones.
  4. pancreatic islets controlled release of insulin and glucagon hormone.
  5. Parathyroid gland consists of four small glands located behind the thyroid gland and plays a role in bone development.
  6. Epiphysis - a body which is in the center of the brain and is associated with the sleep process.
  7. The pituitary gland is placed on the bottom surface of the brain. It synthesizes hormones that affect many other glands, particularly the thyroid. Problems with the pituitary gland can affect bone growth, menstrual cycles in women, and the possibility of breastfeeding.
  8. Testicles - the male sex glands that produce sex cells (sperm) and steroid hormones.
  9. The thymus gland - a gland in the upper segment of the chest, promotes the development of the immune system in early life.
  10. Thyroid butterfly-shaped is located in front of the neck, is involved in the regulation of metabolism.

Even the slightest deviation in one or more of these glands can upset the delicate balance of hormones in the body and lead to development of diseases.

Causes of disorders of the endocrine system

Endocrine disorders are usually grouped into two categories:

  1. Pathology, caused by an excess or deficiency of hormones that causes their imbalance.
  2. Disease provoked by the development of tumors in the endocrine system affecting hormone levels.

This regulation system is able to control the balance of hormones in the blood via a feedback mechanism. If there is an imbalance, it receives a signal necessary gland or glands to eliminate the problem. an imbalance occurs when the said mechanism is not able to maintain the required level of hormones in the blood.

Increase or decrease in the amount of hormones may be caused by:

  1. The problem with the feedback mechanism of the endocrine system.
  2. Disease.
  3. Disorder function of one gland, stimulate the release of other hormones (for example, a problem with the hypothalamus may disrupt hormone in the pituitary gland).
  4. Genetic disease, such as multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) or congenital hypothyroidism.
  5. Infection.
  6. Injury gland.
  7. Gland tumor.

Most tumors of the endocrine system are benign. They usually do not spread to other parts of the body. However, tumor or nodule may affect the production of thyroid hormones.

Types of endocrine disorders

There are many different types of these disorders. Diabetes is the most common disorder of the endocrine system.

Other views:

  1. Adrenal insufficiency. The glands produce too little of the hormone cortisol, and sometimes aldosterone. Symptoms include fatigue, diarrhea, dehydration, and skin changes. Addison's disease is a form of the disorder.
  2. Cushing's disease. Excess of pituitary hormones leading to an increased activity of the adrenal-like condition known as Cushing's syndrome. Often it develops in children who take high doses of corticosteroids.
  3. Acromegaly and other problems of growth hormone. If the pituitary gland produces too much growth hormone, the child's bones begin to grow abnormally fast. When there is a lack of it, the growth in height may stop altogether.
  4. Hyperthyroidism. Thyroid gland produces excess amount of hormone, which leads to weight loss, increased heart rate, sweating and nervousness. The most common cause of thyroid increased activity is an autoimmune disorder known as Graves' disease.
  5. Hypothyroidism. Thyroid does not produce sufficient amounts of the hormone that causes fatigue, constipation, dry skin and depression. It may also trigger a delay in the development of the child. Certain types of congenital hypothyroidism are.
  6. Hypopituitarism. Pituitary not synthesize or synthesizes minimal number of hormones, which becomes the cause of many different diseases. The women may stop menstruating.
  7. Multiple endocrine neoplasia. This rare genetic disease. They cause tumors of the parathyroid glands, adrenal glands and the thyroid gland, which stimulates the increased production of hormones.
  8. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Excess androgen synthesis leads to dysfunction of the ovaries and is a major cause of infertility.
  9. Precocious puberty is caused by early production of sex hormones.

Diagnosis of endocrine disorders

Given spectrum disorders an endocrinologist.

Symptoms of disorders of the endocrine system vary widely, and depend on the particular cancer, which is involved in the process. However, most people complain of symptoms such as fatigue and weakness.

Blood and urine tests to determine hormone levels can help doctors determine the existence of endocrine disease. Medical imaging methods used for diagnosis of tumors.

With our help you can get an appointment with the best specialists in endocrinology, for example, Shmuel Levit successfully engaged in treatment of diabetes.

Treatment of disorders of the endocrine system can be tricky, since the change of hormone levels can lead to a restructuring of the other.

prices for treatment

Endocrine treatment in Israel is carried out by different methods and the cost depends on which course of treatment will choose your doctor. For the convenience of patients in Israeli hospitals, there are screening program, after which the treatment is easier to assign. There is also a therapy program. Below is one of them:

  1. Admission endocrinologist - $ 560
  2. US - $ 320
  3. Revision biopsy - $ 680
  4. Thyroid scintigraphy - $ 560
  5. body scintigraphy - 1020 $
  6. Ablation - 8770 $

The final amount: $ 11910

Learn more about treatment options, prices and the doctors can through our medical center Leave an application or call to find out more.