In recent decades, the implantation of a pacemaker in Israel has become quite common and effective solution to the problems with the heart. Installation of this unit usually provides a completely normal life. The pacemaker is a small, but technically sophisticated device, which is implanted under the skin near the heart for the heart rhythm regulation. It is used to correct heart rate is too slow, and helps coordinate the normal functioning of the heart chambers: atria and ventricles.

Most often, these devices are used to treat patients suffering from bradycardia - slow heart rate caused by sinus node dysfunction or heart block - a condition in which electrical impulses do not reach the lower parts of the conduction system or reach them too slowly. Due to the implantation of pacemakers can be avoided such a bradycardia symptoms such as weakness, fatigue, dizziness and loss of consciousness.

To all the aforesaid, there is a specially designed device form (biventricular pacemaker) can improve heart function in heart failure patients.

One of the best cardiologists and cardiac surgeons in Israel is Dr. Gideon Saar , Leonid Sternik and Ehud Ra'anana . They treat the most difficult cases, heart disease and so on. Learn more about the doctor and make an appointment, you can through our service.

Refer to the medical service en.thebestmedic.com for more information! Our staff will be happy to answer all your questions and help you choose the best clinic in Israel for pacemaker implantation, and also solve the problems associated with the flight, accommodation, communication and support. With us you can be sure that your treatment will be successful and productive!

How does a pacemaker, its components

After the doctor device is implanted under the skin of the patient, there is regulation of the frequency and rhythm of heart contractions. Pacemaker does not fulfill all the functions of the heart, and work in a single system with him. However, in some cases, the doctor may adjust the machine so that it will function permanently. It is held at asistopii - complete cessation of cardiac activity, and a rare heart rhythm.

A pacemaker consists of two main parts: the generator and cables.

The generator is a tiny computer, consisting of battery and other electronic components in a sealed titanium container. The dimensions of most of the modern devices used in Israeli hospitals, are similar to the fifty cent coins and about three times the thickness of it.

The second component of the device - a flexible insulated wire, carries out electrical signals in both directions between the heart of the patient and the generator. Thus, the computer evaluates the heart's activity and respond by sending impulses that stimulate the heart rate as needed. One end of the wiring is fixed to the generator, and the second end thereof is held through a vein to the heart. The most frequently used unit with two conductors - two-chamber pacemaker, but is sometimes used three-compartment or single chamber apparatus.

Diagnosis and preparation for implantation of cardiac pacemakers

Prior to surgery, patients must undergo a series of diagnostic tests of the heart, including electrocardiogram (ECG), Holter monitoring, echocardiography (ultrasound of the heart) and a stress test.

Symptoms characteristic of bradycardia (fatigue and dizziness) may be caused by a number of other diseases (anemia), and may trigger their intake of certain medications that slow the heart rate. To exclude such in Israeli hospitals, a thorough analysis of all the data, and only then put the most accurate diagnosis.

6-8 hours before implantation of pacemaker patients should not eat anything. Generally, to achieve a state of maximum relaxation during the procedure, appoint a weak sedative.

Implantation of a pacemaker in Israeli hospitals

During the operation, the patient is under local anesthesia. Kadiohirurg makes an incision in the region of the clavicle and inserts there insulated apparatus is carried out, gradually drawing it through a large vein to the heart chamber. Depending on the configuration of the pacemaker and the patient's individual needs doctor may use one to three wires, equipped at the ends of the bipolar electrodes. The latter provide the promise of electric charges to the heart, thereby adjusting its reduction. After the wires are connected to a generator, which is implanted under the skin in the chest area.

The apparatus provides rhythmic heartbeat, and normalizes blood circulation and nutrition of the organism, eliminates disease symptoms. It should be noted that the pacemaker is programmable apparatus, i.e. its specific functions can be altered if necessary.

The postoperative period

The residence time of the patient in hospital after pacemaker implantation is from 1 to 5 days. Six weeks after the operation the patient must re-visit your doctor to the cardiologist made the necessary changes to the device settings. Its programming is done using a special hand-held electro-magnetic equipment.

Due to the fact that the implantation of a pacemaker is an invasive procedure may cause postoperative complications: internal bleeding, infection, edema and redness, embolism. Receiving antibiotics as a preventive measure can reduce the risk of infection, however, if this should happen, it is necessary to remove the pacemaker.

After 5-8 years after the operation the device battery begins to discharge, and there is a need to be replaced. This is a fairly simple procedure, which is performed under local anesthesia. The doctor disconnects the generator from the old wires and removes it, and then attaches the new one. The wires are replaced only if there were complications.

Precautionary measures

After the implantation of a pacemaker in Israel and in the absence of any adverse effects, the patient can live a completely normal life, regularly visiting your doctor (once or twice a year).

Contrary to popular belief, modern appliances, including microwave ovens, is not dangerous and does not affect pacemakers. However, some Soup, patients should pay attention:

  1. Mobile phones and magnets. May affect the operation of implanted under the skin of the device, if they are located in the immediate vicinity (up to 15 cm).
  2. control systems at airports. Metal detectors can respond to a pacemaker, but affect it in any way can not. But after that, the airport employee can use the hand-held scanner that can disrupt the operation of the device.
  3. MRI and radiation therapy can cause damage to the implanted device.