arrhythmia diagnosisHeart arrhythmia is a pathological condition which is characterized by violations of the sequence, frequency and rhythm of the heart muscle. Observed disruptions in the organ, manifests itself as increased frequency, random cuts, rapid fading.

The term "arrhythmia" refers to any change in the normal sequence of electrical pulses that occur too fast, too slow or chaotic - with the result that the heart starts beating suitable. When his rhythm is disturbed, it loses its ability to pump blood efficiently, so worsening the work of other bodies with regard to oxygen starvation and nutrient deficiencies. Timely diagnosis of arrhythmia will allow to take effective measures in the fight against developing disease.

One of the best experts in Israel for the surgical treatment of arrhythmia found Herman Gandel'man.

Healthy heart:

  • Every day beats (expands and contracts) on average 100,000 times and pumps about 2,000 gallons of blood.
  • On average, the life of 70-year-old human heart beats more than 2.5 billion times.

Among the main symptoms of arrhythmia noted loss of consciousness and fainting, shortness of breath, pressure and pain in the chest, dizziness and weakness, in extreme cases - heart failure.

arrhythmia group

There are several groups of arrhythmias, we look at some of their varieties.

1 group is linked to automatism breach: nomotopnye (in the sinus node), heterotopic (outside the sinus node).

  • Tachycardia - a condition in which the heart rate increases in excess of ninety strokes per minute.
  • Bradycardia - arrhythmia, characterized by slowing heart rate less than sixty beats per minute.

2 group of arrhythmias caused by the violation of excitability. Beats - a kind of disease, when there is a premature reduction in the individual segments of the heart muscle or the entire body.

Group 3 include arrhythmias triggered by the conduction disorder.

4 group is called mixed when there is flicker, ventricular / atrial flutter. Atrial fibrillation, common type, which is characterized by chaotic contraction of the atria.

Diagnosis of cardiac arrhythmias in Israel

For detecting this type of disease may apply the following range of surveys.

Electrocardiography is a non-invasive study that registers electric potentials during operation of the heart muscle and displays them graphically. Recording is done with the chest, upper and lower extremities. The procedure takes 5-10 minutes. ECG produces source assessment, the so-called pacemaker determines the frequency and regularity of heartbeats. This is an important tool for the diagnosis of cardiac arrhythmias . Its disadvantage is the short-term recordings when rhythm disturbance may be absent. In addition, a study carried out in a state of rest. Expands the diagnostic capabilities of Holter ECG monitoring for 24-48 hours.

Holter monitoring is indicated for the detection of disease and monitoring its treatment. This type of diagnosis of cardiac arrhythmias by using portable handheld recorder that writes the clock an electrocardiogram and transmits information on the functioning of the heart muscle in the computer.

With the help of a special program identifies and analyzes all kinds of arrhythmia. Through this method reliably established diagnosis and increases the effectiveness of therapy.

If daily monitoring is assessed not only the ECG. Also, the doctor obtains a description of complaints, health, activities, physical activities, receiving the patient's medication in the form of diary entries. These descriptions help to assess the objective picture of the subjective symptoms. As a result, the analysis results are more accurate.

Stress test on a treadmill measures the amount of blood flowing to the heart, depending on the degree of physical activity. This version of the study provokes symptoms of disease and facilitates the diagnosis of cardiac arrhythmia . To verify that the exercises worsen, the patient will have to walk or run on a treadmill or stationary bike to move on, but this time the doctor will monitor your pulse and heart rate. Ehokardografy, functioning on the principle of the Doppler effect, define the parameters of blood flow and the heart muscle.

Tilt-test is recommended for patients who have had recurrent unexplained syncope. The study reproduced the conditions that lead to loss of consciousness. Defined parameters of pulse and blood pressure at the positions of "lying to standing." On the chest, arms and legs fixed electrodes for electrocardiogram. In order to measure the blood pressure cuff is put on a hand, the vein needle is introduced for blood sampling and intravenous infusion of the drug, if necessary. The patient lies on a table, and fasten seat belts. Next, the table changes the position for 5-45 minutes, mimicking the change in the human condition.

Electrophysiological invasive testing involves conducting electrical stimulation of different parts of the heart muscle and recording electrograms. This procedure is performed using local anesthesia. Using a fluoroscope peripheral veins administered electrodes, advancing them in the heart cavity. Catheters measure the electrical activity of the heart muscle, conductive system is evaluated. In addition, doctors use a pacemaker, which increases the frequency of contractions. Procedure in Israeli clinics can last for two to four hours.

Transesophageal electrophysiological study is recommended for the diagnosis and treatment of tachycardia. Nasally administered to the patient electrode probe, setting it into the esophagus, near the upper chambers of the heart. ECG there gives more accurate information than a conventional electrocardiography. It can be used an electrical stimulator with a variety of programs and protocols. This helps the doctor to make the correct diagnosis. In some medication to find the most effective can be tested during the procedure.

Heart Ehokardiogafiyu also called ultrasound of the heart muscle. This method gives a clear picture of the heart and blood vessels using high frequency sound waves. It allows an assessment of the heart, the status of valves and chambers, the wall thickness, the dimensions of cavities and pressure therein, the velocity of blood flow within an organ. This kind of diagnosis of cardiac arrhythmias is a simple, painless and gives you valuable information about the state of the body.

Transtelephonic monitor or transtelephonic remote electrocardiography is used when symptoms of arrhythmia are rare or occur so quickly that there is no possibility to get help the doctor or get to the hospital. "CardioJet" has a weight of 200 g and outwardly like a computer mouse. To write special sensors are fixed on the wrist and on the belt is embedded in the patient's palm electrocardiograph. Regular or cell phone information is sent to the receiving station.