Parkinson's disease is a common nervous disorder, which affects about four million people worldwide.

It is slowly developing disease due to loss or degeneration of neurons that produce dopamine in the brain hormone. The first signs of Parkinson's disease appear when the level of dopamine in the brain falls below 20% compared with the norm. The disease is not life threatening, but it significantly reduces the quality. The average age, symptoms of Parkinson's disease is 58 years, but also occurs in young people aged 30 to 40 years.

How to help cope with Parkinson

  • Of course, completely cured of Parkinson's disease can not, however, well-chosen experts Tlv.Hospital rehabilitation program will help to slow down its flow, relieve symptoms, and thereby improve the quality of life.
  • Parkinson's disease in each patient manifested in different ways. Therefore, the treatment program is unique for each patient. Therefore is it with the characteristics of each individual.
  • Parkinsonism - a complex disease that requires special skills from doctors. therapists have been trained in the treatment of Parkinson's disease in Israel.

Methods of treatment of Parkinson's disease in Israel

There is still no cure for Parkinson's disease, but there are many drugs that significantly relieve the symptoms of the disease. The doctor selects a course of treatment in accordance with the characteristics of the patient. Because each patient reacts - differently to the same medication, so you need to be patient until it is picked up suitable dosage.

In the early stages of Parkinson's disease doctors begin treatment with the weaker drugs - anticholinergics and amantadine. Anticholinergic drugs effectively suppress the tremor and can have a therapeutic effect. Side effects include dry mouth, constipation, hallucinations, memory loss, blurred vision, changes in mental activity and mental confusion. Amantadine is generally used only in the early stages of the disease, or in combination with levodopa or antiholirgennymi.

In the later stages of the disease the primary means of treatment today is the preparation of L-dopa, also known as L-dopa. L-dopa is a simple chemical substance found in plants and animals. Nerve cells are used to produce levodopa and dopamine replenish exhausted its supply of brain. The drug helps, at least in 75% of cases of Parkinson's disease, however, use it to work out is not to minimize the symptoms of this disease. In particular, the tremor decreases only slightly, and balance problems may not be solved. Levodopa is so effective drug that some people forget that they have Parkinson's disease, but, unfortunately, the drug does not cure the disease, and can not stop its progression. The most common side effects of levodopa include nausea, vomiting, low blood pressure, involuntary movements. They can be reduced or avoided by taking concurrently with levodopa medication called Carbidopa.

Bromocriptine and pergolide - these two drugs mimic the role of dopamine in the brain and cause the neurons to react as well as dopamine. They can be taken alone or in combination with levodopa in the early stages of the disease. Side effects can include paranoia, hallucinations, confusion, involuntary movements, nightmares, nausea and vomiting.

Selegiline - as a common treatment for advanced Parkinson's disease. Studies conducted by research institutions of the USA and Israel, have shown that the drug delays the need for levodopa year or more. Selegiline is a simple remedy, although its side effects may include nausea, low blood pressure or insomnia (for receiving later). A number of experts recommended to start treatment of Parkinson's disease it is with this drug.

Complementary therapies. Specially selected exercises help maintain flexibility, good posture, muscle strength, joint flexibility and improve circulation. In addition, this practice gives the patient a sense of control over their condition. Appropriate exercise plan is a physiotherapist. Also, the patient can help yoga or dance. Complementary therapies are part of the program of rehabilitation of patients.

Parkinson's disease treatment in Israel on new technologies

Stem cells. Scientists at Tel Aviv University have developed a new technology to treat people suffering from Parkinson's disease. It is based on therapy with stem cells of the bone marrow of the patient. Proved that neuron-like cells derived from human bone marrow produce dopamine, which can then be implanted in patients with Parkinson's disease. Currently, a team of 12 researchers, including the head of the neurological department of the Medical Center to them. Rabin Professor Eldad Melamed, a biologist at Tel Aviv University, Dr. Daniel Offen and Dr. Joseph Levy, is working on the further development of this technology.

Innovative ultrasound. Currently, the Sheba Medical Center in Israel, uses a revolutionary minimally invasive procedure for the treatment of Parkinson's disease and tremor - intensity focused ultrasound (FUS). The procedure uses focused ultrasound waves to accurately destroy the target brain tissue that is abnormal in patients with tremor due to Parkinson's disease.

FUS is performed under MRI control, which provides an extremely high spatial precision. 92% of patients who underwent FUS noticed an immediate improvement in the symptoms of tremor, with some tremor disappeared altogether.

Diagnosis of Parkinson's disease in Israel

Parkinson's disease diagnosis is essentially clinical and is based on medical history and neurological examination results. In recent years, it developed a new method for cell imaging of dopamine in the brain using positron emission tomography (PET), which allows you to objectively evaluate the function of dopamine cells in the brain. This method makes it possible to diagnose until the symptoms and control disease progression. In addition, this method can confirm the clinical diagnosis in cases where there is doubt about the diagnosis.

Symptoms of Parkinson's disease

  • Tremors in the limbs.
  • Muscle rigidity and slowing of physical activity.
  • Loss of balance (in the later stages of the disease).
  • Olfactory disorders, sometimes gastrointestinal disorders and urinary incontinence.
  •  sleep disturbances.
  • Depression.

The causes of Parkinson's disease

Cause of the disease is unknown. According to one theory - in the development of Parkinson's disease "are to blame" genes. Studies have shown that 15% of patients have a relative with the disease. Another theory suggests that Parkinson's disease occurs when, for unknown reasons, some people have accelerated the aging process, due to which there is a loss of antioxidant defense mechanisms. According to the third theory of the cause of the disease lies in the adverse environmental halt.

for the treatment of Parkinson's disease experts in Israel

Name Professor Nir Giladi is known far beyond the borders of Israel. Neurologist specializes in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. He conducts research in this direction - he has published more than two hundred scientific articles dealing with the disease.

Dr. Hyun-Halevy - a leading neurologist Israel, which deals with problems of Parkinson's disease. Work experience - more than 30 years. He developed a method of restoring the author's skill movements and speech, which has been successfully used in clinics around the world.