Hodgkin's disease in IsraelHodgkin's lymphoma (Hodgkin's disease, lymphoma) - This is a rare form of cancer that develops in the lymphatic system, which is a network of capillaries, vessels, nodes and trunk duct. This is part of the immune system. Clear liquid - moving lymph through the lymphatic vessels and contains infection-fighting white blood cells known as lymphocytes.

If you have been diagnosed - Hodgkin lymphoma, our center «Tlv.Hospital» can help. In a short time we will arrange medical care from the best doctors in Israel, at reasonable prices.

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Hodgkin's lymphoma B cells begin to divide abnormally, and gather in the lymph nodes. They lose their protective properties, making the body more vulnerable to infection.

The most common symptom of Hodgkin's lymphoma is a tumor in the lymph nodes, most often it occurs in the groin, armpits and neck, without causing any pain.

Hodgkin develop at any age, but mostly affects young people of 20 and older - older than 70, most male half.

What causes Hodgkin's lymphoma?

The exact cause is unknown. However, the risk of developing the disease increases, if there is an abnormality, which weakens the immune system; if accepted immunosuppressant, or in the body there is the Epstein-Barr virus, which causes the development of infectious mononucleosis.

In addition, matters of inheritance factor when sick Hodgkin's lymphoma immediate family - parents, brother or child.

Diagnosis of Hodgkin's lymphoma in Israel

Treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma in IsraelThe survey begins with a simple inspection. However, the only way to confirm a diagnosis of a biopsy, which involves the removal of part or all of the affected lymph nodes, which material is studied later in a laboratory.

The survey is essentially an operation which is often performed using local anesthesia. However, there are cases where the lymph nodes are not located near the skin surface, and then you may need general anesthesia.

Then, a pathologist examines the tissue sample for the presence of cancer cells. If they are found, to define the form of Hodgkin's lymphoma, which is an important factor when planning a treatment.

After confirmation of the diagnosis is carried out further diagnostics to determine how far the lymphoma has spread. This allows the doctor to find out the stage of the disease.

Additional tests may include:

  1. Blood tests. Blood samples will be taken during the period of therapy and diagnosis for the purpose of general health studies determining the level of erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets in blood and how well the liver and kidneys.
  2. Bone marrow examination. Another biopsy may be performed to see if the bone marrow cancer has spread. To take a sample from the ilium of the pelvis, using a long hollow needle with a local anesthetic.
  3. Chest X-ray helps to identify the spread of cancer in the breast and lung.
  4. CT scanning the body with the help of X-rays, it creates a 3D picture of the internal structures of the body, detecting foci.
  5. MRI using strong magnetic fields creates detailed pictures of areas of the human body by studying the propagation of the disease.
  6. PET provides a measure of the activity of cells in different parts of the body and to check for lesions and the effectiveness of therapy. PET is carried out simultaneously with the CT.

Step Hodgkin

After the completion of the diagnosis is possible to accurately determine the stage of lymphoma, which is indicative of the spread of infection in the body.

disease stages:

Stage 1 - Cancer limited to one group of lymph nodes in the neck or groin above or below the diaphragm.

Stage 2 - two or more groups of lymph nodes struck above or below the diaphragm.

Stage 3 - the cancer has spread to lymph nodes band above and below the diaphragm.

Stage 4 - the disease struck and penetrated the lymphatic system in the internal organs and bone marrow.

Doctors can add the letters "A" or "B" in front of the stage to indicate the presence or absence of certain symptoms. "A" - means that no additional signs of the disease in addition to enlarged lymph nodes, "B" - refers to such symptoms as fever, weight loss, night sweats.

Treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma in Israel

Treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma in Israel, the pricesHodgkin's disease - a relatively aggressive form of cancer that can quickly spread through the body. Despite this, it is quite easy to treat.

Usually it successfully cope with chemotherapy or in combination with radiotherapy followed.

The program of treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma in Israel

A specific treatment plan will depend on the patient's general health and age, since many methods are subjected to enormous body nagruzke.Rasprostranennost disease is an important factor in treatment options.

On a plan of therapy works a multidisciplinary team - doctors and other health professionals who specialize in various aspects of the treatment of Hodgkin's disease. Before making a decision, the patient is important to discuss the matter with his family.

To the basic methods of treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma include chemotherapy or chemotherapy followed oblucheniem.V some cases, treatment with cytotoxic drugs can be combined with reception of steroid drugs or drug called rituximab.

Surgery is not commonly used, except biopsy for diagnostic purposes.

Treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma in Israel is efficient, and the majority of patients recover completely.

Chemotherapy in the treatment of Hodgkin's disease in Israel

Chemotherapy - a method of cancer treatment. It is carried out in different ways depending on the stage of the cancer.

If doctors believe an incurable disease, the drugs are administered via drip into a vein (intravenous chemotherapy). If the opposite view, shall be appointed taking medicines in tablets for the relief of symptoms of Hodgkin's disease.

Chemotherapy is usually held for several months in an outpatient setting. However, there are cases where signs of the disease or side effects of treatment become dangerous for the life of the patient and require a long hospital stay.

Chemotherapy can lead to several undesirable effects, the most significant of which is the likelihood of damage to bone mozga.Eto disrupt the synthesis of healthy blood cells and provoke development of fatigue, shortness of breath, vulnerability to infection, bleeding, and bruising.

When there are serious problems, treatment of Hodgkin lymphoma in Israel it can be delayed so that the body synthesize large number of healthy blood cells. Drugs - growth factors, blood cells are assigned in order to stimulate this process.

Other possible side effects of chemotherapy include nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, oral ulcers, hair loss, infertility (temporary or permanent).

Most of the undesirable effects of therapy will be held after its completion. You should always notify physicians about the presence of any symptoms, as there are tools that can help.

High-dose chemotherapy in the treatment of Hodgkin's disease in Israel

If conventional chemotherapy is not effective or the disease recurs, it is possible to pass a course of chemotherapy in higher doses.

However, this treatment will destroy the bone marrow, leading to the aforementioned problems. Therefore, after the need to transplant stem cells to replace the damaged bone marrow.

Radiation therapy in the treatment of Hodgkin's disease in Israel

Radiation therapy is most often used for the treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma in Israel in the early stages when the disease is localized.

The course of treatment consists of short daily sessions, which is visited from Monday to Friday for weeks. No need to stay in the hospital all the time.

The procedure itself is painless irradiation, but has some serious side effekty.Oni vary and are directly related to that part of the body being treated. Radiation therapy of the larynx lead to pain in the throat and head irradiation trigger hair loss.

Other common adverse effects include fatigue, nausea and vomiting, dry mouth, loss of appetite. Most of them are temporary, but there is a possibility of long-term problems, including infertility and permanent darkening of the skin in the treatment area.

Receiving steroids

Steroid drugs are sometimes combined with chemotherapy in order to more intensive treatment of severe cases of Hodgkin's lymphoma or primary therapy inefficiency. Drugs administered intravenously at the same time with cytostatics.

Common side effects of steroids include the following:

  • increased appetite, leading to weight gain;
  • indigestion;
  • sleep problems.

Normal state as soon as the treatment is over.

rituximab

The cost of treating lymphoma Hodzhkika in IsraelWhen the diagnosis of a rare type of Hodgkin's lymphoma - "lymphocytes Enriched" (optional lymphoid predominance) administered chemotherapy in combination with rituximab.

This preparation is a monoclonal antibody. It stimulates the immune system to destroy cancer cells. Rituximab is administered intravenously over several hours.

Side effects include fatigue, nausea, diarrhea; flu-like symptoms such as headache, fever, and muscle aches.

Doctors prescribe additional medications to prevent or reduce the unwanted manifestations. Over time, when the body is adapted, their effect is reduced.

Follow-up

After completing the course of treatment of Hodgkin's disease in Israel, the patient should regularly consult a doctor and be diagnosed every few weeks or months, gradually decreasing the frequency of visits.

Prediction Hodgkin's lymphoma

80% of patients with Hodgkin's disease live at least five years, and some of them are completely cured. Nevertheless, there is a risk of long-term problems after treatment, including infertility and an increased likelihood of developing another type of cancer in the future.

prices for treatment

After receiving medical documents with the results of analyzes en.thebestmedic.com consultants can calculate the approximate cost of care (doctors in Israel begin treatment after the confirmation or refutation of the diagnosis in the country, so the price may vary depending on the data obtained in the course of diagnosis). Below you can read some of the rates of a number of procedures:

  1. Oncologist Consultation - $ 600
  2. Inspection and removal of lymph nodes - 1820 $
  3. PET-CT - 1670 $
  4. Tumor markers - $ 120
  5. Blood tests - from 280 $

Medical service en.thebestmedic.com will assist in the organization of the whole process of treatment of Hodgkin's disease in the best medical centers in Israel.