colectomyColon cancer is a tumor malignancy localized on the walls of the colon. Most of these tumors develop from a benign small cell clusters - adenomatous polyps. Adenomas may eventually be transformed into oncology.

The cost of operations to remove bowel tumors in Israel begins at $ 15,000.

To prevent the disease in the country's hospitals, regular screening examinations of patients, aimed at identifying polyps before they become cancer. If, however, prevent the disease could not be, they can be assigned to different treatments: surgery for colon cancer, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, radiofrequency ablation and cryotherapy.

Many patients do not experience any symptoms in the early stages of the disease. When they begin to appear, it can vary depending on the size of the tumor and its location in the colon. The main features of cancer are:

  • Changes in the rhythm of defecation, which include diarrhea, constipation, and changes in stool consistency.
  • Bleeding from the rectum or blood in the stool.
  • Constant abdominal discomfort (pain, gas, cramps).
  • The feeling of not completely emptied the bowel.
  • Weakness or fatigue.
  • Causeless weight loss.

If you suspect that this pathology, the manifestation of the symptoms listed above and confirmation of the diagnosis is necessary as soon as possible to begin treatment of the disease. Timely diagnosis and held in colon cancer surgery may save the patient's life.

Diagnostics services in Israel

Doctors conducting preoperative examination of the patient to confirm the diagnosis and to detect possible metastasis to distant sites, and determine how to treat. Diagnostic testing may include:

  1. PET - CT.
  2. blood tests (including the tumor marker CEA - carcinoembryonic antigen).
  3. Analyzes of fecal occult blood, fecal immunochemical tests.
  4. Barium enema.
  5. Colonoscopy is performed to study the colon. To do this, the doctor inserts into her long, flexible and thin tube, which is attached to a video camera that transmits to the monitor internal body image. The doctor may also take a sample of tissue (biopsy) for further study and confirm or refute the diagnosis.
  6. Reception of the anesthesiologist.

Types of operations in colon cancer in Israel

Choosing the type of surgery depends on the location of the tumor and its stage.

Colon Cancer - polypectomy surgery

Polyps - growths on the intestinal mucosa, having a "stem" or "stem" can be easily removed during colonoscopy or rektomanoskopii using a special flexible loop attached to the endoscope. Last injected into the anus of the patient. Coagulation loop ties into a polyp as close to the wall of the colon or rectum and is tightened so as to remove outgrowth. Through it also carried the electric current to stop bleeding. Polyps are examined for the presence of tumor cells. After polypectomy of the colon may need additional surgery for complete removal of the affected tissue.

Local excision or endoscopic resection

In cancer surgery for local excision of tumors of the colon characterized by the removal of tumors with a margin of healthy tissue that bordered it. This type of surgery is performed in the early stages of the disease, when the tumor cells had not spread to other layers of the large intestine, in addition to the mucosa. Endoscopic resection is usually performed under general anesthesia during a colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy.

Modern computer technology of information processing in Israeli hospitals reveal minimal structural damage, precisely determine the location of the tumor focus.

Colon Cancer - colectomy surgery

ColectomyS THE most common operation carried out to remove the lesion. These procedures are performed under general anesthesia, excision of tumors through an incision in the abdominal cavity. The surgeon removes the colon section, in which progressed cancer cells, with 5-10 cm of healthy tissue on either side of the tumor.

  • type of surgery depends on the location of the tumors.
  • Name of operation corresponds to the location of the affected portion of cancer.
  • During surgery, the surgeon removes at least 12 nearby lymph nodes.

right-sided hemicolectomy

Characterized by removing tumors located in the blind or ascending colon and hepatic flexure. After re-executed compound (crosslinking) of the body. During surgery for cancer of the colon are removed:

  • cecum;
  • hepatic flexure;
  • ascending colon, located on the right side of the abdomen;
  • appendix;
  • the first part of the transverse colon - the large intestine segment, lying in the upper abdomen.

Colon cancer - surgery transverse colectomy

During the surgery removed all transverse colon, in which progressed cancer cells. If the cancer is located near one of the ends of the card, it can be carried out the extraction of the ascending or descending colon. After surgery, the two healthy ends are joined.

left-sided hemicolectomy

During surgery, the surgeon removes the splenic flexure and part of the transverse colon, the descending colon, located on the left side of the abdomen and the upper portion sigmoid.

Colon cancer - surgery total colectomy

It is an operation to remove a large tumor located on any part of the colon. It is also performed for the treatment of patients suffering from ulcerative colitis or hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer. During the surgery removed the ascending, transverse, descending and sigmoid colon, followed by the small intestine is connected to the line.

It may also be carried sigmoid colectomy - removal of the sigmoid colon resection and laparoscopic - a few small incisions (1-2 cm) are inserted in the abdomen special long-tube trocars, are introduced through a laparoscope and other instruments. Thereafter, removal of malignant tumors.

Colon cancer: surgery

In rare cases, complications can occur in patients:

  • bleeding;
  • infection:
  • anastomotic leak (cross-linking sites intestine);
  • thrombus formation (usually the legs);
  • adhesions that can cause intestinal obstruction;
  • sexual dysfunction.

In carrying out minimally invasive operations, there is a significant reduction in the likelihood of developing complications and more rapid rehabilitation of patients, but not in every case carry out such procedures will be effective.

In the early stages of cancer development, Israeli surgeons prefer endoscopy, which is a minimally invasive surgical technique. The tumor is removed through small punctures without extensive cavity section. This minimizes complications, shortens the period of rehabilitation and recovery.

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