People with stomach canceris marked with nutrition problem eating and digesting it. The main part of the difficulty is the result of surgery to remove part or all of the body:

  • After partial resection of the stomach volume is reduced, the body can not hold the previous level of food.
  • After total gastrectomy food is broken down in the small intestine rather than the stomach.

Surgery for stomach cancer may also remove or disable:

  1. Glands and cells in the stomach and small intestine, responsible for the production of stomach acid and digestive juices, as well as the absorption of nutrients from food.
  2. The vagus nerve, which relaxes the walls of the stomach when the food gets into the body.
  3. Pyloric sphincter - the muscle ring that acts as a valve that controls the emptying of the stomach contents into the small intestine.
  4. Esophageal sphincter - valve coordinating the movement of food from the esophagus into the stomach (this happens if the tumor is located in the transition region of the esophagus into the stomach).

A team of doctors in an Israeli hospital, including a dietician, to help the patient with nutrition in gastric cancer during the treatment and control of side effects. Nutritionist individually consults on these issues.

Nutritional problems can be as follows.

Weight loss

This is a common problem in patients with this disease. There may be several triggering factors:

  1. The disease is the cause, particularly metastatic cancer of the stomach. When the disease throughout the body, its ability to use energy from food varies. Energy is burned quickly in conjunction with a reduced amount of food intake. Also, the tumor can block the passage of food from the esophagus into the stomach or from the stomach into the intestine. This will create difficulties for the power process.
  2. In this disease is frequently observed loss of appetite.
  3. After surgery for stomach cancer decreases body volume, a person may not be able to eat large amounts of food and feel full after eating a small amount.
  4. The remaining part of the stomach and the small intestine is not able to digest food properly and absorb fat and nutrients. It all depends on the volume of transactions.
  5. Dumping syndrome may create difficulties for weight maintenance.

It is very important to maintain normal body weight for a given disease, even if your appetite has changed. Proper nutrition for stomach cancer helps the body to fight the disease, as well as cope with the effects of treatment.

If there is weight loss, following nutrition recommendations for cancer of the stomach may be helpful:

  1. Do not skip meals. Make every effort to eat regularly, even if it is only a few snacks. Eat on a schedule.
  2. Choose foods and beverages high in protein and calories, especially if the patient loses weight. Add whole milk or cream in cereal or soups, gravies or sauces used for meat and vegetables, put extra butter to the potatoes.
  3. If you do not want to eat solid food, can give preference to high-calorie, protein-rich drinks (cocktails, including protein, smoothies) or semi-solid foods - pudding or yogurt.
  4. Keep alert various nutritious foods that are high in protein and calories, as well as lightweight, quick snacks that you can eat them at any time. For example, milk (milk shakes), ice cream, cheese and crackers, muffins, peanut butter, eggs, nuts, yogurt and pudding.
  5. In between meals, eat small amounts of drinks with a high content of protein and calories - protein, and milk shakes, smoothies.

If the patient loses weight rapidly, a team of doctors in Israel to offer to use a feeding tube that is placed into the stomach or intestine through an artificial opening - stoma. Used as liquid nutritional supplements.

Feeling of fullness during a power in gastric cancer

After surgery for gastric cancer, a person feel fullness even after a small amount of food. It reduces the volume of the body, which can lead to scarring of the walls of the stomach. In addition, surgery can damage the vagus nerve, which relaxes the body when food gets inside it.

If the feeling of overcrowding is a problem in the process of nutrition in gastric cancer, the following recommendations may be useful.

  1. Should give preference to small meals or snacks every 2-3 hours. This approach may be easier than trying to eat 2-3 times a day.
  2. Do not drink liquids during meals, because it fills the stomach. Between meals, eat high-calorie or protein drinks.
  3. Limit in the diet foods rich in fiber - whole grain breads, cereals, eaten in one meal.

Anemia

Anemia may develop after treatment of gastric cancer due to the lack of vitamin B12, iron, and folic acid.

  1. B12 deficiency is associated with the distal or total resection of the stomach, part of the mucosa is removed. The cells in the mucosa - parietal - create a substance called intrinsic factor, which helps the body absorb vitamin B12. Anemia is caused by a deficiency of this vitamin, called malignant.
  2. Iron deficiency marked by the fact that the stomach produces less acid after resection. Stomach acid helps the body absorb iron. At the level of this trace element is also influenced by the fact that part of the duodenum, where most of the digestible iron, is usually removed at a gastrectomy.
  3. Low folate may occur due to the fact that people are noted problems with food in stomach cancer. On folic acid uptake as affected by changes in the structure of the stomach and intestines, in addition, it has an effect of B12 deficiency and iron.

Anemia in people who have had an operation to remove the stomach, is usually treated with:

  • injections of vitamin B12;
  • B12 vitamin tablets;
  • preparations containing iron;
  • Supplements with folic acid or multivitamins, which is composed of folic acid - a synthetic form of folate.

Low levels of calcium

Calcium - a mineral that is absorbed in the duodenum. When it is removed surgically, mineral absorption decreases. calcium absorption is also reduced due to the dumping syndrome because the stomach contents move too quickly into the intestine. Man with stomach cancer can not fully get calcium from food. Its deficiency can lead to osteoporosis. Doctors may suggest supplements with calcium, to fill its deficit.

The best foods for stomach cancer patients

Consider also the products that can be most useful to those who are afflicted by this disease.

An important part of a healthy diet treatment for cancer of the stomach with the necessary amount of vitamins, minerals, protein and calories to maintain the strength and to facilitate the healing process.

In the case of this disease need a diet low in carbohydrates and high - protein. Nutritionist in the Israeli clinic will help determine which products are best able to meet the nutritional needs of gastric cancer.

  1. Foods high in protein. In this disease requires an additional amount of protein and calories. Good dining options in gastric cancer - eat more milk, eggs and cheese.
  2. Foods rich in fiber, it is necessary to eat small portions. Foods such as whole wheat bread, whole grain pasta, rice, due to the high amount of dietary fiber lead to human gastric cancer to the discomfort of overcrowding. Beans, lentils, greens, cabbage will provide the same effect. Therefore, excessive consumption of these products at the same time should be avoided. There can be every hour, so as not to upset stomach, and combine foods rich in fiber, for example, with a soft and light products.
  3. Fresh food. People with stomach cancer often experience nausea. Choosing foods such as crackers or dry toast, you can avoid this problem. Also preferring food room temperature, it is possible to reduce taste and odor.
  4. Drinks in the diet for gastric cancer. Slow sipping cool, clear beverages - apple juice, broth, tea or ginger ale - will help to avoid a large fluid intake, leading to the dumping syndrome. You could also try to add to the diet gelatin, eat popsicles, restrict fluid intake before and after meals.
  5. Tart or acidic foods in the diet for gastric cancer. If people regularly experience dumping syndrome, should avoid eating sweets. You can try to eat a bit of sugar between meals to keep control of blood sugar levels. Since patients with gastric cancer can often be observed vomiting, sour or tart foods can alleviate this condition.

Consultations with video online a leading Israeli experts: about the benefits of online video Consultation.