kidney cancer signsKidney cancer - a malignant tumors that develop from the epithelium of the renal system -lohannoy kidney cells or its proximal channels. The disease does not occur too often, about 2.5% of the cases of all types of cancer in humans. In this case, the disease is fatal, as striking a vital organ and can metastasize to other organs and tissues.

A highly professional team of experts develops individual program of treatment of kidney cancer in Israel. Apply modern methods of treatment with the provision of the least negative impact on the body, innovative diagnostic and therapeutic technologies. All this increases the chances of successful treatment and recovery.

Our company, KC «Tlv.Hospital», provides services of medical tourism in Israel, having experience of more than 10 years. We provide you with the excellent organization of the treatment of kidney cancer, selecting the best specialists and the hospital where the maximum pomosch.Predostavlyaemy provide our company with a wide range of services is sufficient.

Causes of Kidney Cancer

Unfortunately, the medicine is not yet able to determine the exact causes of the abnormal growth of cells in the kidney. However, scientists were able to identify a number of factors that can trigger the development of cancer in the kidneys:

  • Kistorodnye formation in the kidneys.
  • Smoking.
  • Elevated blood pressure.
  • Excess weight.
  • kidney injury.
  • Alcohol abuse.

Men suffer kidney cancer twice as often as women.

Risk factors are not a prerequisite for the occurrence of kidney cancer. There must be pass the inspection, if there are signs of kidney cancer.

  • blood in the urine.
  • Swelling in the kidney area.
  • Severe fatigue.
  • Pain in the lower back and side (permanent or arising from time to time).
  • Weight loss.
  • Anemia.
  • Hypertension.
  • High body temperature, particularly during the second half of the day (up to 38-39 degrees).

Diagnosis of renal cancer recommended held in well-equipped hospitals, having for this purpose corresponding technical base. The vast majority of patients prefer to undergo examination of the kidneys to Israeli hospitals. After the hospital examination offer high-quality treatment in Israel.

Israel clinics offer the possibility of minimally invasive surgery - laparoscopic and robotic surgery, which means less risk of complications and faster recovery. Also sparing techniques such as cryoablation and radiofrequency ablation.

Diagnosis of kidney cancer in Israel

To identify abnormal kidney Israeli clinic cells using the most modern equipment. In addition, experienced doctors use a very effective inspection methods that allow accurately establish the correct diagnosis. The most frequently used diagnostic methods listed below kidney cancer:

  • Consultation and examination oncologist, urologist:
  • Laboratory studies of blood and urine;
  • Magnetic resonance therapy;
  • Ultrasonography;
  • CT scan;
  • Biopsy of a kidney tissue;
  • Radiography (retrograde pyelography and inner);
  • PET-CT;
  • Scintigraphy (radionuclide scans).

These tests help accurately determine the presence of cancer, its appearance, size, location, etc. Organize the diagnosis and treatment of cancer in Israel is happy to help managers Counseling Center en.thebestmedic.com.

Treatment of kidney cancer in Israeltreatment of kidney cancer

The program is the treatment of kidney cancer in Israel depends on the stage of the disease, the size of tumors and other important factors. For maximum effectiveness of the treatment, doctors often practice an integrated approach to the problem. An important role has an excellent technical base, which have Israeli medical centers. In addition, the experts of the above cancer center using the most modern methods to fight cancer. As a result, treatment of kidney cancer in Israel shows a very high percentage of cases, complete recovery after passage of the corresponding treatment. A comprehensive approach includes the following therapies:

  1. Surgery. Depending on the stage of renal cancer can be carried out to remove the tumor or even the entire body. Surgery is used in the majority of cases the treatment of kidney cancer. The reason for that - the relative stability of abnormal cells in the kidneys to chemotherapy and radiation exposure.
  2. Radiation therapy. This treatment helps to cope with the cancer cells that are left after the removal of the affected tissues. Typically, external radiation is used. Sessions are held five times a week.
  3. Immunological treatment of kidney cancer in Israel: drugs interferon and Interlonin-2 stimulates the natural human immune system to fight cancer cells.

Separately, you can select the following types of cancer treatment in the kidney:

  1. Arterial Embolization (renal blood flow is blocked, resulting in tumor dies together with the body);
  2. Radiofrequency ablation (tumor tissue damage under high temperature exposure);
  3. Cryosurgery (cancer cells are destroyed by the probe, which emits cold minus 100 degrees).
  4. Chemotherapy is the treatment of kidney cancer in Israel is considered to be ineffective, so it is used in rare cases. Sometimes used "smart" drugs that slow the growth of cancer cells and restrict blood flow to the tumor - Avastin, Proleukin.

Surgical treatment of kidney cancer in Israel, if the tumor is localized, provides the highest likelihood of recovery. It is extremely important, as far as possible, to preserve the kidney, so the professional skill and experience of the surgeon is of paramount importance.

Cryotherapy in the treatment of kidney cancer in Israel

Cryotherapy (also called cryosurgery or cryoablation) - Method destroying malignant cells by freezing. The medical name of this procedure - percutaneous cryotherapy of kidney cancer. Percutaneous - it means placing a probe through the skin. Physicians use cryotherapy for treatment of small tumors in the early stages of the disease when neoplasm diameter does not exceed 4 cm.

Also, this method of treatment of kidney cancer in Israel is used if the patient is healthy enough to postpone surgery. In some cases, you can cure the cancer without removing the kidney. It may require further treatment after the cryotherapy if the tumor is preserved or the disease returned.

Oncologist, urologist evaluates the possibility of cryotherapy for each case of the disease. He explains to the patient in advance all the possible risks and benefits of this treatment for kidney cancer in Israel.

cryotherapy

The treatment may be performed under local or general anesthesia. The doctor uses x-ray or ultrasound equipment to find the tumor. Then performs a cut above the bud or uses laparoscopic surgery. Such operation is performed through small incisions using a laparoscope. Although this surgery takes longer than open surgery, patients recover faster after that, and there are fewer side effects.

Can be carried out a biopsy, a tissue sample is taken at the beginning of the procedure. Thereafter administered one or more krioigl the kidney, near the tumor is established their desired position. The needles comprise liquid nitrogen that freezes and destroys the cancer cells.

Side effects of cryotherapy of kidney cancer

After a local anesthetic will cease to operate, the processing zone will cause soreness. Within a few days it will require taking pain medications.

Possible problems with cryotherapy:

  • Bleeding around the kidney, and the need for blood transfusions.
  • Leakage of urine.
  • Temporary weakness due to nerve damage.
  • Ureteral injury.

In studies conducted in the framework of a group of patients who received percutaneous cryotherapy, major complications were observed. Very rarely observed adverse effects in people who received cryotherapy using atroskopicheskoy operation: this damage bowel, shortness of breath, arrhythmia.

Drugs targeted therapy - a new generation of drugs, known since 2006, in the treatment of kidney cancer showed better results than existing to this medication. They are struggling with the disease at the molecular level.

Radiofrequency ablation in the treatment of kidney cancer in Israel

RFA applies heat generated by radio waves (the kind of electric power), to destroy malignant cells.

This procedure is the treatment of kidney cancer in Israel is only available at specialized cancer centers. It is carried out, if the tumor is small at an early stage and there is a contraindication to surgery. RFA also used when there are multiple tumors or tumors are present in both kidneys. Metastatic cancer RFA can help reduce swelling and control symptoms.

Suitability of this method for a particular case depends on the exact location of the malignancy. Ablation is contraindicated if the tumor is too close to other organs, such as intestines.

The procedure of radiofrequency ablation

RFA is performed under local or general anesthesia. The doctor places a small probe, similar to a needle through the skin directly into the tumor under CT. This procedure is called percutaneous radiofrequency ablation. The electrode probe generates radio frequency energy to produce heat and destruction of tumor tissue.

You may need to stay overnight in the hospital.

Possible side effects RFA

The treatment area may experience some discomfort or pain. Doctor will prescribe painkillers, which need to be taken within a few days. Perhaps a slight fever, fatigue, weakness during recovery. You will need to take it easy and avoid any strenuous activity.

Among the other adverse events noted: bleeding in the treatment area, the accumulation of urine near the kidneys due to Dribble, narrowing of the ureter (urinary problems).

Chemotherapy for kidney cancer in Israel

Chemotherapy apply cytotoxic drugs to kill cancer cells by inhibiting their growth. Drugs circulate in the bloodstream throughout the body.

Chemotherapy renal cell carcinoma

Chemotherapy is not a standard method for the most common type of kidney cancer - renal cell. Usually it is not used because other treatments, such as targeted therapy , are more effective. However, continued development of new drugs and treatment regimens. They completely checked in clinical trials before they are accepted as a treatment for kidney cancer in Israel. It means confidence in their effectiveness and safety. Research is being conducted, where the combined cytotoxic agents and targeted therapies.

Chemotherapy for transitional cell carcinoma

Chemotherapy drugs often used for transitional cell cancer that can occur in the kidneys, bladder or ureters. This type of cancer behaves more like bladder cancer. Among the drugs being tested for the treatment of transitional cell carcinoma note mitomycin C and vinflunine (vinflunine).

Chemotherapy drugs and dietary supplements

There is no information on the exact interaction of dietary supplements with cytostatics. Some of them may have a negative effect. It is important to inform the doctor about taking dietary supplements. It is necessary to consult with a specialist about the same time taking cytostatic drugs and other medications.

Some studies have suggested that fish oil, for example, can reduce the effectiveness of chemotherapy.

Radiation therapy in the treatment of kidney cancer in Israel

Radiotherapy uses various types of ionizing radiation to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy is often used in the treatment of kidney cancer in Israel, because the cancerous kidney cells are not as sensitive to radiation as some other types of cancer (breast cancer, bladder cancer, etc.).

Your doctor may suggest radiation to control symptoms (pain, blood in the urine) in the later stages of the disease. Radiotherapy reduces large tumors, relieves pressure on nearby organs or the nerves that can cause pain. Also, radiation therapy is used for metastases to the brain.

How and where radiotherapy passes?

The treatment a patient receives radiation therapy department at the hospital as an outpatient. This treatment of kidney cancer in Israel cycle involves sessions or fractions. This can be a fraction for a few days or more, with an interval between them.

radiation therapy planning

Before the treatment of kidney cancer in Israel is carried out careful planning external beam radiotherapy. This means determining the exact radiation dose and the treatment site. The planning process can take from 15 minutes to several hours. He also suggests the passage of CT or MRI or PET. Scanning will tumor and structure around it.

Physics and radiation oncologist decide the final details by planning session. Identifies areas that need treatment and those where it is necessary to limit the dose or eliminate the effects of radiation.

The procedure for radiotherapy

Linear Accelerator for radiation therapy, is large. It can be installed in one position, or will rotate around the body to provide treatment for kidney cancer in Israel from different directions. The patient explains in detail what to expect. The procedure takes from one to several minutes. It is important to be in a fixed position.

Possible side effects of radiotherapy

The primary undesirable effect treatment for renal cancer is fatigue, which takes several weeks. There may also be nausea, diarrhea, skin redness and hair loss in the treatment area.

Radiation therapy of kidney cancer that has spread to the brain

This treatment of kidney cancer in Israel can be very successful to control symptoms, slowing progression of the disease. Treatment will depend on the amount of lesion of the brain tissue. If this part is assigned to about 10 fractions. Radiation therapy takes place daily, on weekdays, the full course takes two weeks.

If large areas of the brain affected and the doctor believes that cancer cells may be, but are too small to be visible when scanning, radiation therapy of the whole brain volume is assigned. Usually it is about 5 fractions, which are held throughout the week.

Stereotactic radiotherapy

If the tumor process struck by one part of the brain can be recommended stereotactic radiotherapy. This type of kidney cancer in Israel gives high doses of radiation to small areas.

Stereotactic radiotherapy gives very precise radiation to the tumor. High doses of radiation received only the affected area.

Treatment of metastatic kidney cancer in Israel

If there is metastasis, the disease can not be cured. Spread kidney cancer indicates the presence of the secondary focus (foci) in the other body part or relapse.

Kidney cancer can spread to the organs that are close - the intestine or liver. Through the lymphatic system or the blood he can penetrate into the other part of the body. Metastases occur in the bones, lungs, brain or other kidney.

Treatment of metastatic kidney cancer - symptoms therapies through disease control

Some treatments for kidney cancer in Israel may keep the disease under control of a certain time and reduce symptoms of the disease. Consider the details.

  1. Targeted therapy is effective to treat the symptoms. It can keep the cancer under control and slow down its development for months and sometimes years. Used drugs: sunitinib, sorafenib, pazopanib, bevacizumab, intferferon, temsirolimus, everolimus.
  2. Surgery is occasionally used in the treatment of secondary tumors of the kidney. If the cancer has returned in the kidney area or another area, you can sometimes remove it. There is a lot of scientific evidence demonstrating that the removal of a malignant kidney helps to control the symptoms of the disease, prolong life.
  3. Cryotherapy is used, if the tumor is less than 4 cm in diameter. This treatment of kidney cancer in Israel can be repeated if necessary.
  4. Radiofrequency ablation is also used when a malignancy of small size.
  5. Radiotherapy reduces the volume of the tumor and the symptoms caused by it - blood in the urine, pain, shortness of breath.
  6. Arterial Embolization is effective in reducing the magnitude of malignancy, blocking its blood supply. It helps to eliminate or reduce such symptoms as pain and bleeding.
  7. Hormone therapy with medroxyprogesterone can reduce and control the symptoms of cancer. As a rule, it is not used as targeted therapies more effective. Hormone therapy can cause water retention, weight gain, indigestion, insomnia.

The choice of treatment for kidney cancer in Israel is due to the size of the tumor and its location, distribution, carried out prior therapy, the general state of health.

If the neoplastic process hit only one area, it may be better to use a topical treatment - surgery or radiotherapy when more - targeted therapy is the best option. In reviewing the operation is taken into account the state of health of the patient, the possibility of subsequent recovery.

Other ways to treat metastatic kidney cancer

With these manifestations, such as pain, nausea, diarrhea and constipation can be managed with medication. In some cases, the relaxation and massage relieves pain and nausea. And, of course, this additional therapy reduces anxiety and stress.

pain relief

There are many different ways of analgesics and their reception. A doctor in the Israeli clinic will help you choose the best options. Also benefit bring relaxation and breathing exercises.

Follow-up after treatment for kidney cancer in Israel

After surgery for early and locally advanced cancer are appointed regular checkups and visits to the doctor. The first visit usually takes 4-6 weeks after returning from the hospital. The probability of relapse in the early stages is quite low, it is necessary to pass examinations for five years. Every three months during the first two years will have to do chest X-ray, and then every six months for five years.

If a high risk of relapse, the patient should undergo regular CT scans in the first three years. Factors that increase the likelihood of a return of the disease:

  • Tumor larger than 5 cm in diameter.
  • Sarcomatoid differentiation of tumor cells.
  • Positive surgical margins.
  • Elevated levels of alkaline phosphatase and lactate dehydrogenase

In the case of a positive situation after 3 years of doing an x-ray every 6 months. It needs for the rest of life to check for signs of cancer.

After surgery in the early stages of the disease, the more time passes without any return of symptoms, the lower the likelihood of relapse. However, there is a small risk even after 10 years. Therefore, regular checks are important.

If a patient has metastatic cancer, not removed completely, but he does not develop, the doctor with the patient determine together how often checks are required. Also, it will depend on the treatment, which is necessary to control the disease.

What happens during follow-up visits?

A doctor examines a patient, probes lymph nodes, abdomen, performs one or more of the following tests:

  • Blood tests check the kidneys work.
  • A chest radiograph reveals signs of cancer spread.
  • CT (for the same purpose as the x-ray).
  • US.

If a small tumor of the kidney has been treated using cryotherapy or radiofrequency ablation, visits to the doctor and the scan will be needed every 3-6 months.

When metastatic cancer treated with targeted therapy or immunotherapy, the patient visited an oncologist and passes scan every three - six months. Diagnostics determines how effective the treatment. During the visits to discuss any symptoms or adverse effects of therapy in the patient. Your doctor may suggest therapy to control symptoms of the disease.

prices for treatment

Treated in Israel is more favorable than in clinics in Europe and the United States, because there prices are lower by about 30% with a high level of care.

Prices for pre-screening program for kidney cancer:

  1. Consultation of the oncologist, urologist - $ 600.
  2. Two tests for tumor markers - $ 250.
  3. Blood biochemistry - $ 270.
  4. KLA - $ 260.
  5. PET-CT - 1670 $.

The total cost of the program: $ 3050.

Additional studies may be prescribed by the doctor:

  1. Urethrocystoscopy - 2780 $.
  2. Ultrasound examination - $ 320.
  3. Radioisotope study of the kidneys (scintigraphy) - $ 880.
  4. Biopsy - $ 610.

Indicative prices for treatments for kidney cancer:

  1. Radiotherapy - $ 140.
  2. Immunological treatment - from $ 2300.
  3. Chemotherapy - $ 1180, the cost of cytostatic from $ 350.

The cost of operations for malignant renal tumors:

  1. Laparoscopic resection - 28 420 $.
  2. Surgical materials - 2 $ 150.
  3. Histopathology of the removed material - 1170 $.

Cost of operations $ 31740.

  1. Abdominal surgery for kidney removal (full or partial) - $ 27 300.
  2. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (partial or complete) - 28 600 $.

Use the request form to find out what treatment is suitable in your case, and how much it will cost.

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