Bronchoscopy - a procedure that allows the doctor to view the inside of the lungs, including the bronchi, which are the main routes into the lungs.
During bronchoscopy, the doctor inserts a thin tube containing a light and camera into the lungs through the nose or mouth. The physician can use the results to diagnose infections, tumors or diseases of the lungs.

This is a relatively quick and painless procedure, it requires little training, and people usually recover quickly.

In this article, we describe what to expect before, during and after bronchoscopy. We also discuss the use of this procedure and its associated complications.

Bronchoscopy is used to diagnose diseases of the lungs.

Doctors use bronchoscopy to determine the cause of shortness of breath and lung problems, such as tumors, infections, and bleeding.

During the procedure, the doctor may also insert a stent into the airway or to do a biopsy, which involves removing a small sample of tissue for testing.

Usually your doctor may recommend a bronchoscopy in the following cases:

  • Track scanning that indicates a slight infection or tumor.
  • Determine why there was coughing up blood.
  • Find the cause of chronic cough.
  • Discover the cause of shortness of breath.
  • Find the blockage in the airways.
  • Check lung rejection after transplantation.
  • Rate damage after chemicals or toxic gases.

Doctors also bronchoscopes used to treat certain conditions, for example:

  • Removal of liquid, mucus or other foreign bodies in the airways.
  • Expansion blocked or constricted airways.
  • In cancer treatment Lung Israel .
  • Depletion of the abscess.

Bronchoscopy procedure in Israel

Most people are awake during bronchoscopy. Before the procedure, the doctor sprays a local anesthetic in the nose and throat to numb. Many people also take a sedative to relax.

In rare cases, doctors recommend general anesthesia, when they will be using rigid bronchoscopy.

Once the anesthesia takes effect, the doctor usually introduces a flexible tube of a bronchoscope through the nose and throat, and bronchial tubes. When the handset moves to the lungs, a person can feel a touch or pressure.

Some people start coughing, but it usually subsides quickly. The doctor may inject oxygen during the procedure to help breathing.

Light and bronchoscope camera helps the doctor to clearly see the ducts, even around bends.

If the doctor to insert a stent or a biopsy, they can skip the brush, needles and other instruments through a channel in the bronchoscope. A stent is a small tube that helps keep blocked or narrow the airway open.

The physician sometimes sprays saline via the respiratory tract, a process called bronchial lavage or washing, to harvest the cells and liquids. Then the doctor will examine them under a microscope.

During bronchoscopy, the doctor may carry out ultrasound to get a clearer picture of the lymph nodes and tissues in and around the bronchi.

Once the airway inspection is complete, the doctor will remove the bronchoscope. The procedure usually takes 20-30 minutes, although the time may vary depending on the number of tests and the underlying problem.

Most people can go home the day of the procedure.

How to prepare for bronchoscopy

Doctors often recommend that people not eat or drink for a certain period of time.

Discuss any current medications with your doctor, especially blood thinners, such as aspirin or warfarin. Your doctor may recommend not to take certain medications shortly before the procedure.

It is important to follow specific instructions, especially with regard to drug use.

Organize a trip to the hospital and out of it, because it's not safe to drive after taking sedatives. To allow time for recovery, it may be a good idea to organize help in the work and childcare.

recovery time

Bronchoscopy - a relatively quick and painless procedure. After that, the person will need to stay in hospital for a few hours until the medication is not will withdraw from the body. At this time, controlled blood pressure and breathing, to check for complications.

The ability to cough should return for 2 hours. After this safe to eat and drink. After taking a sedative one should avoid driving, operating equipment and the use of alcohol for 24 hours.

Most people can return to regular activities within 24 hours.

bronchoscopy results and diagnosis of lung in Israel

Normal results bronchoscopy mean that the doctor did not see any tumors, blockages or unusual cells or fluids in the bronchi.

If the results are abnormal, your doctor will recommend further tests or treatment, depending on the result.

Abnormal results may indicate one or more of the following problems:

  1. Bacterial infection.
  2. Viral infection.
  3. Fungi or parasites.
  4. Inflammation of the lung tissue.
  5. Damage to the lungs.
  6. Cancer (malignant tumor).
  7. The narrowing of the trachea or bronchi.
  8. Refusal of the transplanted lung.

Risks and complications of bronchoscopy

Bronchoscopy is usually safe, but there are certain risks.

There is a small chance that may occur following side effects:

  • Abnormal heartbeat, called an arrhythmia.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Fever.
  • Infection.
  • Low oxygen levels in the blood during the procedure.
  • Minor bleeding, especially after biopsy.
  • Pneumonia.

In addition, people with a history of heart disease may have an increased risk of heart attack.

Occasionally, bronchoscopy may lead to pneumothorax. This occurs when the lung is punctured during the procedure. Most likely, if the doctor uses a rigid, rather than flexible bronchoscope.

Pneumothorax is a serious condition and requires treatment. The doctor may perform a chest radiograph after bronchoscopy to check the lungs for signs of collapse.

When a person has a general anesthetic, additional risks include:

  • blood pressure changes.
  • Pain in the muscles.
  • Nausea.
  • Slow heart rate.
  • Vomiting.

Bronchoscopy - a safe procedure with a low risk of serious complications. Mortality rates for both flexible and rigid bronchoscopy procedures to account for less than 0.1 percent.

Doctors usually use local anesthesia and sedation, patients to be relaxed and feel comfortable during the test.

Consult your doctor if the following occurs bronchoscopy SPE of the following symptoms:

  • Shortness of breath.
  • Breast pain.
  • Coughing up blood.
  • Fever.
  • Rapid pulse.

These symptoms may indicate complications requiring medical treatment.